Enjoying some time procrastinating, I found this video on YouTube that I thought did a pretty good job of summarizing the psychology of cognitive development. From Piaget to Vgotsky, the video covers a number of different researchers and experiments central to how our minds develop from children into adulthood.
One method for solving problems is by using the acronym I.D.E.A. as a way to remember that to solve problems you have to Identify the underlying issue instead of the surface effects or symptoms, Develop solutions that target the underlying issue or root cause, Execute the solution by establishing and monitoring goals and then Assess the degree to which the solution has remedied the problem. Below is a short five-minute "how to" video that provides a brief overview of the I.D.E.A. model.
Richard Feenstra is an educational psychologist, with a focus on judgment and decision making.
Bobby Hoffman is the author of "Hack Your Motivation" and a professor of educational psychology at the University of Central Florida.